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The prevalence of pain in nursing home residents

The role of dementia stage and dementia subtypes

Janine van Kooten, Martin Smalbrugge, Johannes van der Wouden, Max Stek, Cees Hertogh

De abstractcommissie heeft op verzoek van de congrescommissie 9 abstracts geselecteerd die tijdens het Verenso najaarscongres 'Kiezen voor delen' op 24 november 2016 middels een flitspresentatie gepresenteerd worden. Onderstaande abstract is daar een van.

Objectives

To determine and compare pain prevalence, pain type, and its pharmacological treatment in Dutch nursing home residents in relation to dementia subtype and dementia severity.

Design

Data were collected as part of the PAINdemiA study, an observational cross-sectional study conducted between May 2014 and December 2015. Setting: nursing homes (10) in the Netherlands.

Participants

199 nursing home residents in variable stages of dementia.

Measurements

Pain was assessed by different methods (i.e. MOBID-2 Pain Scale and self-report scales or PAINAD) and the pain type (nociceptive, neuropathic, or mixed pain) was determined by combining the findings of physical examination with the medical history.

Results

For the whole sample the prevalence of pain was 43% (95% CI = 36.1-50.1%) using the MOBID-2 Pain Scale. Pain assessment with the MOBID-2 Pain Scale showed that residents with more severe dementia experienced pain more often than those with less severe dementia (26.8% vs. 14.7%). The prevalence of self-reported pain was significantly  higher in residents with vascular dementia compared to those with Alzheimer’s disease (p=0.025) and other dementia subtypes (p=0.026). Nociceptive pain was the predominant type of pain (70%) followed by mixed pain (25%). Paracetamol was the most frequently prescribed analgesic (79.6%), and regardless of regularly scheduled analgesics about one third of the residents with pain still suffered from moderate to severe pain.

Conclusion

The majority had no pain and those with pain mostly suffered from mild pain. However, one third of the residents with clinically relevant pain had moderate to severe pain regardless of using pain medication. Future research should address how pain treatment could be tailored to the type of pain and how to improve evaluation of the effect of pain treatment.

Auteur(s)

  • Drs. Janine van Kooten specialist ouderengeneeskunde (ten tijde van onderzoek aioto-specialisme ouderengeneeskunde) afdeling huisartsgeneeskunde en ouderengeneeskunde, VU medisch centrum
  • Dr. Martin Smalbrugge, specialist ouderengsneeskunde afdeling huisartsgeneeskunde en ouderengeneeskunde, VU medisch centrum
  • Dr. Johannes van der Wouden, universitair hoofddocent afdeling huisartsgeneeskunde en ouderengeneeskunde, VU medisch centrum
  • Prof. dr. Max Stek, ouderenpsychiater GGZ InGeest/afdeling psychiatrie, VU medisch centrum 
  • Prof. dr. Cees M.P.M. Hertogh, specialist ouderengeneeskunde afdeling huisartsgeneeskunde en ouderengeneeskunde, VU medisch centrum
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